Open Access

Reducing autophagy and inducing G1 phase arrest by aloperine enhances radio-sensitivity in lung cancer cells

  • Authors:
    • Zhijie Xu
    • Yuanliang Yan
    • Shuangshuang Zeng
    • Long Qian
    • Shuang Dai
    • Lingfang Xiao
    • Lin Wang
    • Xue Yang
    • Yi Xiao
    • Zhicheng Gong
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: June 19, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5732
0

Abstract

Aloperine (ALO), an isolated alkaloid from the leaves of Sophora alopecuroides (S. alopecuroides), has been suggested to exhibit anti-inflammatory and antitumor properties, and has been traditionally used to treat various diseases, including cancers. However, little is known about the effects of ALO on the radio-sensitivity of lung cancer cells. In the present study, we confirmed that agent ALO inhibits cell growth, promotes cell aopotosis and induces G1 phase arrest and consequently enhanced the radio-sensitivity in radio-resistant lung cancer cells A549/IR. Mechanically, ALO markedly down-regulates the G1/S transition regulators, CDK4/6 and cyclin D1. Moreover, ALO decreases cell autophagy signaling, which is characterized by downregulated Beclin1 and upregulated p62, two key autophagy-associated proteins. We also observed that autophagy inhibitors, bafilomycin A1 (BafA) and chloroquine (CQ), could sensitize the radio-resistant cells to the ionizing radiation (IR) treatment, which is similar to the effect of ALO. Taken together, the findings from the present study suggest that inhibition of cell autophagy by ALO shows marked results in radio-resistant lung cancer cells, and is shown to enhance the effect of IR.

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Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

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APA
Xu, Z., Yan, Y., Zeng, S., Qian, L., Dai, S., Xiao, L. ... Gong, Z. (1899). Reducing autophagy and inducing G1 phase arrest by aloperine enhances radio-sensitivity in lung cancer cells. Oncology Reports, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5732
MLA
Xu, Z., Yan, Y., Zeng, S., Qian, L., Dai, S., Xiao, L., Wang, L., Yang, X., Xiao, Y., Gong, Z."Reducing autophagy and inducing G1 phase arrest by aloperine enhances radio-sensitivity in lung cancer cells". Oncology Reports 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Xu, Z., Yan, Y., Zeng, S., Qian, L., Dai, S., Xiao, L., Wang, L., Yang, X., Xiao, Y., Gong, Z."Reducing autophagy and inducing G1 phase arrest by aloperine enhances radio-sensitivity in lung cancer cells". Oncology Reports 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5732