Preventative effects of fermented Chimonobambusa quadrangularis shoot on activated carbon‑induced constipation

  • Authors:
    • Guijie Li
    • Xiaochuan Zou
    • Gang Kuang
    • Yanrong Ren
    • Chaofang Deng
    • Qiang Lin
    • Xin Zhao
    • Song Xu
    • Jia‑Le Song
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Wednesday, January 11, 2017
  • Pages:1093-1100 DOI: 10.3892/etm.2017.4036
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Abstract

The present study aimed to determine the preventative effects of fermented Chimonobambusa quadrangularis shoot (FCQS) on activated carbon constipation in Kun Ming mice. FCQS has a more loose fiber tissue structure than unfermented fresh C. quadrangularis shoot (CQS), which is preferable for relieving constipation. In mice fed with FCQS for 9 days the time from consumption to their first black stool defecation (117 min) was shorter than the control group (192 min) and the CQS group (148 min); however, it was longer than the normal (85 min) and bisacodyl treatment (99 min) groups. The gastrointestinal transit of the FCQS group (73.8%) was increased, as compared with the control (37.9%) and CQS (61.7%) groups; however, it was decreased as compared with the normal (100%) and bisacodyl (88.3%) groups. By observing the hemotoxylin and eosin‑stained section of mice intestine, it was demonstrated that FCQS reduced injury to the intestinal tract resulting from constipation and alleviated the damage caused to the intestinal villi over the effects observed in the CQS group. Furthermore, FCQS was also able to increase the serum levels of motilin, endothelin‑1, vasoactive intestinal peptide and acetylcholinesterase compared with the control group. c‑Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), glial cell‑derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) mRNA and protein expression levels in the small intestinal cells of FCQS‑fed mice were increased, as compared with CQS‑fed mice. Transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1) and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression levels of small intestinal cells of FCQS‑fed mice were reduced, as compared with CQS‑fed mice. These findings demonstrated that FCQS may induce improved preventative effects on constipation, compared with CQS.

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March 2017
Volume 13 Issue 3

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2015 Impact Factor: 1.28
Ranked #64/123 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Li, G., Zou, X., Kuang, G., Ren, Y., Deng, C., Lin, Q. ... Song, J. (2017). Preventative effects of fermented Chimonobambusa quadrangularis shoot on activated carbon‑induced constipation. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 13, 1093-1100. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4036
MLA
Li, G., Zou, X., Kuang, G., Ren, Y., Deng, C., Lin, Q., Zhao, X., Xu, S., Song, J."Preventative effects of fermented Chimonobambusa quadrangularis shoot on activated carbon‑induced constipation". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13.3 (2017): 1093-1100.
Chicago
Li, G., Zou, X., Kuang, G., Ren, Y., Deng, C., Lin, Q., Zhao, X., Xu, S., Song, J."Preventative effects of fermented Chimonobambusa quadrangularis shoot on activated carbon‑induced constipation". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 13, no. 3 (2017): 1093-1100. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4036