Association of calreticulin expression with disease activity and organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus patients

  • Authors:
    • Yichao Wang
    • Jiaogui Xie
    • Zhili Liu
    • Hongwei Fu
    • Qianyu Huo
    • Yajun Gu
    • Yunde Liu
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Monday, March 20, 2017
  • DOI: 10.3892/etm.2017.4235
0

Abstract

Measurement of disease activity in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is important for monitoring disease progression and evaluating the therapeutic effects. The severity of organ damage correlates with clinical status and prognosis. Therefore, it is imperative to find an effective biomarker measuring disease activity and organ damage for SLE management. The present study investigated the possibility of serum calreticulin (CRT) in the assessment of disease activity and organ damage in SLE patients. Serum CRT levels from 80 patients with SLE, 55 patients with other autoimmune diseases and 60 healthy controls (HC) were measured by ELISA. Disease activity was assessed using the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI‑2K) scores. Organ damage was evaluated with the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index. CRT levels in SLE were significantly higher than that in other autoimmune diseases and HC. CRT was correlated with SLEDAI-2K score (r=0.3345, P=0.0024), and with anti‑double‑stranded DNA (anti‑dsDNA) (r=0.4483, P<0.0001). A significant negative correlation of CRT levels with complement 3 (r=‑0.3635, P=0.0009) and complement 4 (r=‑0.3507, P=0.0014) was observed in patients with SLE. Furthermore, the patients with SLE and a positive anti‑Ro52 result had higher levels of CRT compared with those with a negative anti‑Ro52 result (P<0.001). Elevated levels of CRT were also reported among patients with SLE who also indicated the presence of cumulative organ damage. In addition, increased expression of CRT correlated with the presence of lupus nephritis. In conclusion, the results of the current report provided that CRT may be used as a potential biomarker for clinical diagnosis and of prognosis, providing additional information regarding disease activity and organ damage alongside other traditional indices.

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APA
Wang, Y., Xie, J., Liu, Z., Fu, H., Huo, Q., Gu, Y., & Liu, Y. (1899). Association of calreticulin expression with disease activity and organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus patients. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 0, 0-0. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4235
MLA
Wang, Y., Xie, J., Liu, Z., Fu, H., Huo, Q., Gu, Y., Liu, Y."Association of calreticulin expression with disease activity and organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus patients". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Wang, Y., Xie, J., Liu, Z., Fu, H., Huo, Q., Gu, Y., Liu, Y."Association of calreticulin expression with disease activity and organ damage in systemic lupus erythematosus patients". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.4235