Open Access

Influence of serum HMW adiponectin level in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome on the occurrence of eclampsia in secondary pregnancy

  • Authors:
    • Qian Xu
    • Dongmei Fan
    • Fahong Li
    • Zhanhong Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: September 7, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5112
  • Pages:4972-4976
  • Copyright: © Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.

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Abstract

In the present study, we studied the influence of serum high-molecular weight adiponectin (HMWA) levels in patients with pregnancy‑induced hypertension (PIH) on the occurrence of eclampsia in secondary pregnancy and its related mechanisms. In total, 130 patients who were diagnosed with PIH for the first time were selected for this study; the median interval of the secondary pregnancy was 28.5 months. The serum HMWA and leptin levels both times were detected, and the insulin resistance indexes (HOMA-IR) were calculated. The serum inflammatory indexes in the secondary pregnancy included interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels, and the oxidative stress indexes included methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA) and oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) levels. The expression levels of adiponectin receptor 2 and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in placental tissue were detected. In secondary pregnancy, there were a total of 20 cases of eclampsia (15.38%), including 2 cases of mild PIH, 8 cases of moderate PIH and 10 cases of severe PIH; differences were statistically significant when compared to patients without eclampsia (p<0.001). The serum HMWA levels in patients with severe PIH in the first pregnancy were significantly lower than those in patients with mild and moderate PIH, and the serum levels in patients with mild PIH were the highest. The leptin levels in patients with severe PIH were significantly higher than those in patients with mild and moderate PIH, and the leptin levels in patients with mild PIH were the lowest (p<0.05). The HMWA levels in patients with eclampsia in the secondary pregnancy was significantly lower than those in patients without eclampsia, and the leptin levels in patients with eclampsia were significantly increased. The HMWA levels in patients with eclampsia in the secondary pregnancy were lower than that in the first pregnancy, whereas the leptin levels were higher than that in the first pregnancy (p<0.05). HOMA-IR, IL-6, TNF-α, MDA and ox-LDL levels in patients with eclampsia were significantly higher than those in patients without eclampsia (p<0.05), and the adiponectin receptor 2 and COX-2 expression levels in the placental tissue were significantly higher than those in patients without eclampsia (p<0.05). Therefore, the serum HMWA levels are closely related to the occurrence of eclampsia in PIH patients in secondary pregnancy, and it influences insulin resistance, inflammatory response and oxidative stress response, which is correlated with increased adiponectin receptor 2 and COX-2 protein expression in placental tissue. Consequently, HMWA may be an important target for the intervention of preventing eclampsia for PIH patients in secondary pregnancy.

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November 2017
Volume 14 Issue 5

Print ISSN: 1792-0981
Online ISSN:1792-1015

2016 Impact Factor: 1.261
Ranked #50/128 Medicine Research and Experimental
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APA
Xu, Q., Fan, D., Li, F., & Zhang, Z. (2017). Influence of serum HMW adiponectin level in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome on the occurrence of eclampsia in secondary pregnancy. Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine, 14, 4972-4976. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5112
MLA
Xu, Q., Fan, D., Li, F., Zhang, Z."Influence of serum HMW adiponectin level in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome on the occurrence of eclampsia in secondary pregnancy". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14.5 (2017): 4972-4976.
Chicago
Xu, Q., Fan, D., Li, F., Zhang, Z."Influence of serum HMW adiponectin level in patients with pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome on the occurrence of eclampsia in secondary pregnancy". Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 14, no. 5 (2017): 4972-4976. https://doi.org/10.3892/etm.2017.5112