Open Access

UBE2C induces EMT through Wnt/β‑catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways by regulating phosphorylation levels of Aurora-A

  • Authors:
    • Rui Wang
    • Yue Song
    • Xi Liu
    • Qixue Wang
    • Yunfei Wang
    • Liwei Li
    • Chunsheng Kang
    • Qingyu Zhang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Friday, February 17, 2017
  • Pages:1116-1126 DOI: 10.3892/ijo.2017.3880
0

Abstract

The ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme 2C (UBE2C) is the key component in the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) by partnering with the anaphase‑promoting complex (APC/C). A high UBE2C protein expression level has been reported in various types of human tumors. However, little is known about the precise mechanism by which UBE2C expression is downregulated in gastric cancer. We found in MGC‑803 and SGC‑7901 gastric cancer cells UBE2C‑deficient G2/M phase arrest in the cell cycle and subsequently decreased gastric adenocarcinoma tumorigenesis. In the previous study, we identified Aurora-A (AURKA) as the hub gene of the gastric cancer linkage network based genome‑wide association study (eGWAS). Furthermore, knockdown of UBE2C using siRNA markedly reduced the level of phosphorylation AURKA (p‑AURKA) via Wnt/β‑catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways suppressed the occurrence and development of gastric cancer. Additionally, the expression of E‑cadherin was up‑regulated and N-cadherin was downregulated in response to UBE2C knockdown and inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Collectively, our data suggest that the activity of AURKA might be regulated by UBE2C through regulating the activity of APC/C. UBE2C may be a new marker in the diagnosis of gastric cancer and may be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma.

Related Articles

Journal Cover

April 2017
Volume 50 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1019-6439
Online ISSN:1791-2423

2015 Impact Factor: 3.018
Ranked #30/211 Oncology
(total number of cites)

Sign up for eToc alerts

Recommend to Library

Copy and paste a formatted citation
APA
Wang, R., Song, Y., Liu, X., Wang, Q., Wang, Y., Li, L. ... Zhang, Q. (2017). UBE2C induces EMT through Wnt/β‑catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways by regulating phosphorylation levels of Aurora-A. International Journal of Oncology, 50, 1116-1126. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.3880
MLA
Wang, R., Song, Y., Liu, X., Wang, Q., Wang, Y., Li, L., Kang, C., Zhang, Q."UBE2C induces EMT through Wnt/β‑catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways by regulating phosphorylation levels of Aurora-A". International Journal of Oncology 50.4 (2017): 1116-1126.
Chicago
Wang, R., Song, Y., Liu, X., Wang, Q., Wang, Y., Li, L., Kang, C., Zhang, Q."UBE2C induces EMT through Wnt/β‑catenin and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways by regulating phosphorylation levels of Aurora-A". International Journal of Oncology 50, no. 4 (2017): 1116-1126. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ijo.2017.3880