Open Access

Cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance pancreatic cancer cell invasion by remodeling the metabolic conversion mechanism

  • Authors:
    • Tao Shan
    • Shuo Chen
    • Xi Chen
    • Wan Run Lin
    • Wei Li
    • Jiancang Ma
    • Tao Wu
    • Xijuan Cui
    • Hong Ji
    • Yiming Li
    • Ya'an Kang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: Tuesday, February 28, 2017
  • Pages:1971-1979 DOI: 10.3892/or.2017.5479
0

Abstract

We investigated the mechanism of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in promoting the invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer cells in a non-vascular manner. We verified the original generation of isolated cultured CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs) based on the expression of α-SMA and vimentin, and we examined the cell glycolysis level through glucose consumption and lactate production experiments. The mRNA and protein expression of CAF glycolytic enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase m2, were examined by RT-PCR and western blotting, respectively. In vitro culture first-generation pancreatic CAFs were collected and cultured together with pancreas cancer BxPc-3 and Panc-1 cells. Cell invasion and migration were assessed using a Transwell assay and scratch test, respectively. Mitochondrial activity was assessed by experimentally determining oxidative phosphorylation (OP) activity. The aerobic oxidation index of cancer cells was also examined. Succinate dehydrogenase, fumarate hydratase (FH), and monocarboxylate transporter 1 (MCT1) expression were examined using an MCT1-specific inhibitor to remove ‘tumor-stromal’ metabolic coupling to observe the influence of cell interstices on pancreas cancer progression. First-generation isolated cultured CAFs and NFs both grew well, and showed active proliferation. Glucose absorption and lactate production were significantly enhanced in CAFs compared with that in NFs. PCR and western blotting showed that the lactate dehydrogenase and pyruvate kinase m2 mRNA and protein expression levels were increased in the CAFs. After indirect co-culture, OP was increased in the BxPc-3 and Panc-1 cells; correspondingly, succinate dehydrogenase, FH and MCT expression were increased. After the MCT1-specific inhibitor removed ‘tumor-stromal’ metabolic coupling, the migration and invasion abilities of the pancreatic cancer cells were decreased. Pancreatic CAFs can alter metabolism as well as communicate with and respond to cancer cell migration and invasion. This may be an important mechanism for promoting tumor progression in a non-vascular manner in the tumor microenvironment. The mechanism by which CAFs reshape metabolic transition requires further analysis.

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April 2017
Volume 37 Issue 4

Print ISSN: 1021-335X
Online ISSN:1791-2431

2015 Impact Factor: 2.486
Ranked #31/211 Oncology
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APA
Shan, T., Chen, S., Chen, X., Lin, W.R., Li, W., Ma, J. ... Kang, Y. (2017). Cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance pancreatic cancer cell invasion by remodeling the metabolic conversion mechanism. Oncology Reports, 37, 1971-1979. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5479
MLA
Shan, T., Chen, S., Chen, X., Lin, W. R., Li, W., Ma, J., Wu, T., Cui, X., Ji, H., Li, Y., Kang, Y."Cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance pancreatic cancer cell invasion by remodeling the metabolic conversion mechanism". Oncology Reports 37.4 (2017): 1971-1979.
Chicago
Shan, T., Chen, S., Chen, X., Lin, W. R., Li, W., Ma, J., Wu, T., Cui, X., Ji, H., Li, Y., Kang, Y."Cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance pancreatic cancer cell invasion by remodeling the metabolic conversion mechanism". Oncology Reports 37, no. 4 (2017): 1971-1979. http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/or.2017.5479