Skin perfusion pressure as a predictor of ischemic wound healing potential (Review)
- Xuanliang Pan
- Guoxian Chen
- Pan Wu
- Chunmao Han
- Jon Kee Ho
Published online on: February 13, 2018
Skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is the blood pressure that is the requisite for the restoration of microcirculatory or capillary flow following controlled occlusion and subsequent flow return. The purpose of the current review was to evaluate the value of SPP for the prediction of wound healing in patients with limb ischemia. Articles published up to January 31, 2017 were searched in the PubMed database and Chinese database CNKI, using the keywords of ‘skin perfusion pressure’, ‘limb ischemia’ and ‘wound healing’. Articles were obtained and reviewed to analyze the predictive value of SPP with regard to the healing potential of ischemia wounds on limbs. Three different types of techniques are currently used for the measurement of SPP, namely radioisotope clearance, photoplethysmography and laser Doppler, with laser Doppler as the most widely applied technique, due to its noninvasiveness and ease of operability. SPP may effectively assess wound healing potential in ischemic limbs with high sensitivity and specificity; however, its optimum cut‑off point remains uncertain. Compared with other noninvasive microcirculatory assessment tools including ankle‑brachial index, toe blood pressure and transcutaneous oxygen pressure, SPP has its advantages including that it is not affected by vascular calcification, anatomical structure or patient condition. In conclusion, SPP may be used as an index to accurately predict wound healing in patients with limb ischemia. However, it is difficult to determine the optimum cut‑off of SPP due to the limitations of current data. Further study is necessary to confirm the optimum cut‑off value of SPP in predicting wound healing potential.