Relaxant and vasoprotective effects of ginger extracts on porcine coronary arteries

  • Authors:
    • Hsing‑Chen Wu
    • Chi‑Ting Horng
    • Shih‑Chang Tsai
    • You‑Li Lee
    • Shou‑Cheng Hsu
    • Yi‑Jen Tsai
    • Fuu‑Jen Tsai
    • Jo‑Hua Chiang
    • Daih‑Huang Kuo
    • Jai‑Sing Yang
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: January 11, 2018     https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3380
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Abstract

Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) is a popular Chinese herbal medicine, which is considered to warm the stomach and dispel cold in traditional Chinese medicine. Ginger is widely used to treat stomach disorders, and it has been reported to exhibit antithrombotic activity via the inhibition of platelet aggregation and thromboxane B2 production in vitro. Cardiovascular disease is associated with the aberrant functioning of the heart and circulatory system; the relatively narrow vessels of the circulation are commonly affected and blocked by atherosclerosis, which may result in angina or heart attack. Numerous drugs and medicines are used to treat myocardial infarction; however, they are often associated with numerous side effects. Therefore, it is important to identify substitutive drugs with no unbearable side effects. In the present study, the relaxant effects of ginger crude extract (GCE) were determined on porcine coronary arteries. The DPPH radical scavenging assay, lucigenin‑enhanced chemiluminescence assay and western blot analysis were used to individually detect antioxidant assay of ginger extraction or superoxide anion produced by endothelial cells and molecular signaling. The results indicated that GCE induced relaxation of porcine coronary arteries in an endothelium‑dependent manner. GCE increased vasoprotection via the suppression of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase. In addition, GCE possessed antioxidant ability, as determined using 1,1‑diphenyl‑2‑picrylhydrazyl and lucigenin‑enhanced chemiluminescence assays. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that GCE exerts marked vasoprotective effects and free radical‑scavenging activities in porcine coronary arteries.

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APA
Wu, H., Horng, C., Tsai, S., Lee, Y., Hsu, S., Tsai, Y. ... Yang, J. (1899). Relaxant and vasoprotective effects of ginger extracts on porcine coronary arteries. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3380
MLA
Wu, H., Horng, C., Tsai, S., Lee, Y., Hsu, S., Tsai, Y., Tsai, F., Chiang, J., Kuo, D., Yang, J."Relaxant and vasoprotective effects of ginger extracts on porcine coronary arteries". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Wu, H., Horng, C., Tsai, S., Lee, Y., Hsu, S., Tsai, Y., Tsai, F., Chiang, J., Kuo, D., Yang, J."Relaxant and vasoprotective effects of ginger extracts on porcine coronary arteries". International Journal of Molecular Medicine 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2018.3380