Human hepatocyte growth factor inhibits early neointima formation in rabbit abdominal aortae following ultrasound-guided balloon injury
- Li Mei
- Yu He
- Hui Wang
- Ying Jin
- Shuai Wang
- Chunxiang Jin
Published online on: August 11, 2017
Copyright: © Mei et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The present study investigated the effects of in vivo gene transfer of human hepatocyte growth factor (hHGF) on neointima formation in rabbit abdominal aortae following ultrasound‑guided balloon injury. New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into four groups: endothelium injury alone (EI), endothelium injury with control vector transfection (EI‑V), endothelium injury with hHGF transfection (EI‑HGF), and hHGF transfection alone without endothelium injury (HGF). Endothelial injury was established by scraping the abdominal aortic wall using a balloon catheter under the guidance of a transabdominal ultrasound. hHGF gene transfer was performed 7 days following injury. hHGF mRNA and protein expression levels were determined at 3, 7, 14 and 21 days following transfection. Neointima formation was assessed by histopathological analysis at 14 and 28 days following injury. hHGF mRNA and protein expression levels were detected in the target abdominal aortae in EI‑HGF and HGF groups with the greatest levels observed 3 days following transfection, and their levels dropped below detection limits at 21 days following transfection. hHGF was not detectable in the EI and EI‑V groups throughout the experiment. The neointimal area and the neointima to media ratio in the EI‑HGF group were significantly decreased compared with those in the EI or EI‑V group at 14 days following injury. However, no differences were observed at 28 days following injury. The present study demonstrated that in vivo hHGF gene transfer inhibits the early formation of neointima in balloon‑injured rabbit abdominal aortae.