Therapeutic effects of adenovirus‑mediated CD and NIS expression combined with Na131I/5‑FC on human thyroid cancer

  • Authors:
    • Meng‑Hui Yuan
    • Long‑Xiao Wei
    • Run‑Suo Zhou
    • Hai‑Feng Xu
    • Jun‑Yan Wang
    • Qian‑Rong Bai
  • View Affiliations

  • Published online on: October 12, 2017     https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7175
0

Abstract

Thyroid cancer is the most common type of malignant endocrine tumor diagnosed. Previous studies have indicated that gene therapy is the most promising and effective therapeutic method for thyroid cancer. Therefore, in the present study, Na131I/5‑fluorocytosine (5‑FC) treatment was combined with cytosine deaminase (CD, encoded by the CDA gene) and sodium iodide symporter (NIS, encoded by the SLC5A5 gene) to act together as a therapeutic tool for thyroid cancer. The present study explored the combined cytotoxic effects of adenovirus‑mediated CD and NIS under the control of the progression elevated gene‑3 (PEG‑3) promoter (Ad‑PEG‑3‑CD‑NIS) with Na131I/5‑FC against the human thyroid cancer TT cell line in vitro. The PEG‑3 fragment was obtained by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using rat genomic DNA as the template, and then Ad‑PEG‑3‑CDA‑SLC5A5 was constructed using XbaI. TT cells were transfected by recombinant adenovirus. The method of reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR was performed to test the expression of CD and NIS at the level of transcription. The morphological change was assessed by fluorescence microscopy and investigated by western blot analysis. An MTT assay was used to determine the number of living cells inhibited by single or combination therapies on TT cells. The results indicated that the PEG‑3 was successfully cloned, and was also positively regulated in 293 cells. CDA and SLC5A5 genes were highly expressed in TT cells. Na131I combined with 5‑FC significantly decreased the human thyroid cancer cells. In conclusion, combination therapy of Ad‑PEG3‑CDA‑SLC5A5 and Na131I/5‑FC induces significantly more apoptotic characteristics than either single treatment with Ad‑PEG‑3‑CDA‑SLC5A5 or Na131I/5‑FC, and low doses of Ad‑PEG‑3‑CDA‑SLC5A5 enhanced the cytotoxic effects.

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Print ISSN: 1792-1074
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APA
Yuan, M., Wei, L., Zhou, R., Xu, H., Wang, J., & Bai, Q. (1899). Therapeutic effects of adenovirus‑mediated CD and NIS expression combined with Na131I/5‑FC on human thyroid cancer. Oncology Letters, 0, 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7175
MLA
Yuan, M., Wei, L., Zhou, R., Xu, H., Wang, J., Bai, Q."Therapeutic effects of adenovirus‑mediated CD and NIS expression combined with Na131I/5‑FC on human thyroid cancer". Oncology Letters 0.0 (1899): 0-0.
Chicago
Yuan, M., Wei, L., Zhou, R., Xu, H., Wang, J., Bai, Q."Therapeutic effects of adenovirus‑mediated CD and NIS expression combined with Na131I/5‑FC on human thyroid cancer". Oncology Letters 0, no. 0 (1899): 0-0. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2017.7175