Effects of recombinant human growth hormone on protein malnutrition and IGF-1 and IL-2 gene expression levels in chronic nephrotic syndrome
- Guang Dai
- Donghai Wang
- Hua Dong
Published online on: March 13, 2018
Copyright: © Dai et al.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License.
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of recombinant human growth hormone on protein malnutrition and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene expressions in chronic nephrotic syndrome. Eighty patients with chronic nephrotic syndrome were admitted to our hospital. The patients were included in the study period from January 2015 to December 2016 and were divided into two groups (40 cases in each group) according to the random number method. All the patients enrolled received symptomatic and supportive treatment. The observation group was injected subcutaneously with recombinant human growth hormone, while the control group was treated with Shenyankangfu tablets. The recovery time of the clinical symptoms, change in serum protein, caloric intake and protein metabolism after intervention were compared between the two groups. Changes in serum cystatin C, IGF-1 and IL-2 before intervention, and at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after intervention were detected, and the adverse reactions in the two groups were observed during the treatment. After intervention, the improvement time of proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, edema and hyperlipidemia in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group (P<0.05). The expression of transferrin, pre-albumin, albumin and total protein in the observation group was significantly superior increased compared to those in the observation group prior to intervention and the control group after intervention (P<0.05). In addition the caloric intake, protein intake and urea nitrogen survival rate in the observation group were significantly superior to those in the observation group prior to intervention and the control group after intervention (P<0.05). At 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after intervention, the levels of serum cystatin C, IGF-1 and IL-2 in the observation group were markedly obviously lower than those in the control group during the same period (P<0.05). The total proportion of allergy, systemic pruritus, nausea and vomiting, abdominal distension and abdominal pain in the observation group was obviously lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the traditional Chinese medicine Shenyankangfu tablets applied in the control group, the recombinant human growth hormone used for patients with chronic nephrotic syndrome can improve the clinical symptoms more quickly, regulate the protein metabolism and reduce the inflammatory response in the body, which also has fewer adverse reactions and higher safety.